Transcription

Plumbing Guidelines for ADAAccessibilityCourse No: M01-004Credit: 1 PDHSteven Liescheidt, P.E., CCS, CCPRContinuing Education and Development, Inc.9 Greyridge Farm CourtStony Point, NY 10980P: (877) 322-5800F: (877) [email protected]

Appendix A to Part 1191 - Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA) Accessibility Guidelines for Buildings and FacilitiesAmericans with Disabilities Act (ADA)Accessibility Guidelinesfor Buildings and FacilitiesU.S. Architectural and Transportation BarriersCompliance Board (Access Board)1331 F Street, N.W., Suite 1000Washington, D.C. 20004-1111(202) 272-0080(202) 272-0082 TTY(202) 272-0081 FAX

4.16 Water Closets.mm) that allows a person in a wheelchair to makea parallel approach to the unit (see Fig. 27(c) and(d)). This clear floor space shall comply with4.2.4.4.16 Water Closets.4.16.1 General. Accessible water closets shallcomply with 4.16.2 through 4.16.6.EXCEPTION: Water closets used primarily bychildren ages 12 and younger shall be permittedto comply with 4.16.7.Fig. 27Drinking Fountains and Water Coolers45

4.17 Toilet Stalls.4.16.2 Clear Floor Space. Clear floor space forwater closets not in stalls shall comply with Fig.28. Clear floor space may be arranged to alloweither a left-handed or right-handed approach.4.16.3* Height. The height of water closets shallbe 17 in to 19 in (430 mm to 485 mm), measuredto the top of the toilet seat (see Fig. 29(b)). Seatsshall not be sprung to return to a lifted position.4.16.4* Grab Bars. Grab bars for water closetsnot located in stalls shall comply with 4.26 andFig. 29. The grab bar behind the water closetshall be 36 in (915 mm) minimum.4.16.5* Flush Controls. Flush controls shall behand operated or automatic and shall complywith 4.27.4. Controls for flush valves shall bemounted on the wide side of toilet areas no morethan 44 in (1120 mm) above the floor.4.16.6 Dispensers. Toilet paper dispensers shallbe installed within reach, as shown in Fig. 29(b).Dispensers that control delivery, or that do notpermit continuous paper flow, shall not be used.4.16.7* Water Closets for Children. Waterclosets used primarily by children ages 12 andyounger shall comply with 4.16.7 as permitted by4.16.1.(1) Clear Floor Space. Clear floor space forwater closets not in stalls shall comply with Fig.28 except that the centerline of water closets shallbe 12 in minimum to 18 in maximum (305 mm to455 mm) from the side wall or partition. Clearfloor space may be arranged to allow either a leftor right-hand approach.(2) Height. The height of water closets shall be11 in minimum to 17 in maximum (280 mm to430 mm), measured to the top of the toilet seat.Seats shall not be sprung to return to a liftedposition.(3) Grab Bars. Grab bars for water closets notlocated in stalls shall comply with 4.26 and Fig.29 except that grab bars shall be mounted 18 inminimum to 27 in maximum (455 mm to 685mm) above the finish floor measured to the grabbar centerline. The grab bar behind the watercloset shall be 36 in (915 mm) minimum.EXCEPTION: If administrative authorities requireflush controls for flush valves to be located in aposition that conflicts with the location of the reargrab bar, then that grab bar may be split or, atwater closets with a centerline placement below15 in (380 mm), a rear grab bar 24 in (610 mm)minimum on the open side of the toilet area shallbe permitted.(4) Flush Controls. Flush controls shall behand operated or automatic and shall complywith 4.27.4. Controls for flush valves shall bemounted on the wide side of the toilet area nomore than 36 in (915 mm) above the floor.(5) Dispensers. Toilet paper dispensers shallbe installed 14 in minimum to 19 in maximum(355 mm to 485 mm) above the finish floormeasured to the dispenser centerline. Dispensersthat control delivery, or that do not permitcontinuous paper flow, shall not be used.4.17 Toilet Stalls.4.17.1 Location. Accessible toilet stalls shall beon an accessible route and shall meet therequirements of 4.17.2 through 4.17.6.EXCEPTION: Toilet stalls used primarily bychildren ages 12 and younger shall be permittedto comply with 4.17.7.4.17.2 Water Closets. Water closets in accessiblestalls shall comply with 4.16.4.17.3* Size and Arrangement. The size andarrangement of the standard toilet stall shallcomply with Fig. 30(a), Standard Stall. Standardtoilet stalls with a minimum depth of 56 in (1420mm) (see Fig. 30(a)) shall have wall-mountedwater closets. If the depth of a standard toiletstall is increased at least 3 in (75 mm), then afloor-mounted water closet may be used.Arrangements shown for standard toilet stallsmay be reversed to allow either a left- or righthand approach. Additional stalls shall beprovided in conformance with 4.22.4.46

4.17 Toilet Stalls.Fig. 28Clear Floor Space at Water ClosetsFig. 29Grab Bars at Water ClosetsEXCEPTION: In instances of alteration workwhere provision of a standard stall (Fig. 30(a)) istechnically infeasible or where plumbing coderequirements prevent combining existing stalls toprovide space, either alternate stall (Fig. 30(b))may be provided in lieu of the standard stall.4.17.5* Doors. Toilet stall doors, including doorhardware, shall comply with 4.13. If toilet stallapproach is from the latch side of the stall door,clearance between the door side of the stall andany obstruction may be reduced to a minimum of42 in (1065 mm) (Fig. 30).4.17.4 Toe Clearances. In standard stalls, thefront partition and at least one side partition shallprovide a toe clearance of at least 9 in (230 mm)above the floor. If the depth of the stall is greaterthan 60 in (1525 mm), then the toe clearance isnot required.4.17.6 Grab Bars. Grab bars complying with thelength and positioning shown in Fig. 30(a), (b), (c),and (d) shall be provided. Grab bars may bemounted with any desired method as long as theyhave a gripping surface at the locations shown anddo not obstruct the required clear floor area.Grab bars shall comply with 4.26.47

4.17 Toilet Stalls.Fig. 30Toilet Stalls48

4.18 Urinals.4.17.7* Toilet Stalls for Children. Toilet stallsused primarily by children ages 12 and youngershall comply with 4.17.7 as permitted by 4.17.1.4.18.2 Height. Urinals shall be stall-type or wallhung with an elongated rim at a maximum of 17in (430 mm) above the finish floor.(1) Water Closets. Water closets in accessiblestalls shall comply with 4.16.7.4.18.3 Clear Floor Space. A clear floor space 30in by 48 in (760 mm by 1220 mm) shall beprovided in front of urinals to allow forwardapproach. This clear space shall adjoin oroverlap an accessible route and shall comply with4.2.4. Urinal shields that do not extend beyondthe front edge of the urinal rim may be providedwith 29 in (735 mm) clearance between them.(2) Size and Arrangement. The size andarrangement of the standard toilet stall shallcomply with 4.17.3 and Fig. 30(a), Standard Stall,except that the centerline of water closets shall be12 in minimum to 18 in maximum (305 mm to455 mm) from the side wall or partition and theminimum depth for stalls with wall-mountedwater closets shall be 59 in (1500 mm). Alternatestalls complying with Fig. 30(b) may be providedwhere permitted by 4.17.3 except that the stallshall have a minimum depth of 69 in (1745 mm)where wall-mounted water closets are provided.(3) Toe Clearances. In standard stalls, the frontpartition and at least one side partition shallprovide a toe clearance of at least 12 in (305 mm)above the finish floor.(4) Doors. Toilet stall doors shall comply with4.17.5.(5) Grab Bars. Grab bars shall comply with4.17.6 and the length and positioning shown inFig. 30(a), (b), (c), and (d) except that grab barsshall be mounted 18 in minimum to 27 inmaximum (455 mm to 685 mm) above the finishfloor measured to the grab bar centerline.EXCEPTION: If administrative authorities requireflush controls for flush valves to be located in aposition that conflicts with the location of the reargrab bar, then that grab bar may be split or, atwater closets with a centerline placement below15 in (380 mm), a rear grab bar 24 in (610 mm)minimum on the open side of the toilet area shallbe permitted.4.18 Urinals.4.18.1 General. Accessible urinals shall complywith 4.18.494.18.4 Flush Controls. Flush controls shall behand operated or automatic, and shall complywith 4.27.4, and shall be mounted no more than44 in (1120 mm) above the finish floor.4.19 Lavatories and Mirrors.4.19.1 General. The requirements of 4.19 shallapply to lavatory fixtures, vanities, and built-inlavatories.4.19.2 Height and Clearances. Lavatories shallbe mounted with the rim or counter surface nohigher than 34 in (865 mm) above the finish floor.Provide a clearance of at least 29 in (735 mm)above the finish floor to the bottom of the apron.Knee and toe clearance shall comply with Fig. 31.EXCEPTION 1: Lavatories used primarily bychildren ages 6 through 12 shall be permitted tohave an apron clearance and a knee clearance 24in (610 mm) high minimum provided that the rimor counter surface is no higher than 31 in (760mm).EXCEPTION 2: Lavatories used primarily bychildren ages 5 and younger shall not be requiredto meet these clearances if clear floor space for aparallel approach complying with 4.2.4 isprovided.4.19.3 Clear Floor Space. A clear floor space 30in by 48 in (760 mm by 1220 mm) complying with4.2.4 shall be provided in front of a lavatory toallow forward approach. Such clear floor spaceshall adjoin or overlap an accessible route and

4.20 Bathtubs.shall extend a maximum of 19 in (485 mm)underneath the lavatory (see Fig. 32).4.19.4 Exposed Pipes and Surfaces. Hot waterand drain pipes under lavatories shall beinsulated or otherwise configured to protectagainst contact. There shall be no sharp orabrasive surfaces under lavatories.4.19.5 Faucets. Faucets shall comply with4.27.4. Lever-operated, push-type, andelectronically controlled mechanisms areexamples of acceptable designs. If self-closingvalves are used the faucet shall remain open for atleast 10 seconds.4.19.6* Mirrors. Mirrors shall be mounted withthe bottom edge of the reflecting surface no higherthan 40 in (1015 mm) above the finish floor (seeFig. 31).4.20 Bathtubs.4.20.1 General. Accessible bathtubs shallcomply with 4.20.4.20.2 Floor Space. Clear floor space in front ofbathtubs shall be as shown in Fig. 33.4.20.3 Seat. An in-tub seat or a seat at the headend of the tub shall be provided as shown in Fig.33 and 34. The structural strength of seats andtheir attachments shall comply with 4.26.3. Seatsshall be mounted securely and shall not slipduring use.4.20.4 Grab Bars. Grab bars complying with4.26 shall be provided as shown in Fig. 33 and 34.Fig. 31Lavatory Clearances4.20.5 Controls. Faucets and other controlscomplying with 4.27.4 shall be located as shownin Fig. 34.4.20.6 Shower Unit. A shower spray unit with ahose at least 60 in (1525 mm) long that can beused both as a fixed shower head and as a handheld shower shall be provided.4.20.7 Bathtub Enclosures. If provided,enclosures for bathtubs shall not obstructcontrols or transfer from wheelchairs ontobathtub seats or into tubs. Enclosures onbathtubs shall not have tracks mounted on theirrims.Fig. 32Clear Floor Space at Lavatories4.21 Shower Stalls.4.21.1* General. Accessible shower stalls shallcomply with 4.21.50

4.22 Toilet Rooms.4.21.2 Size and Clearances. Except as specifiedin 9.1.2, shower stall size and clear floor spaceshall comply with Fig. 35(a) or (b). The showerstall in Fig. 35(a) shall be 36 in by 36 in (915 mmby 915 mm). Shower stalls required by 9.1.2shall comply with Fig. 57(a) or (b). The showerstall in Fig. 35(b) will fit into the space requiredfor a bathtub.4.21.3 Seat. A seat shall be provided in showerstalls 36 in by 36 in (915 mm by 915 mm) andshall be as shown in Fig. 36. The seat shall bemounted 17 in to 19 in (430 mm to 485 mm)from the bathroom floor and shall extend the fulldepth of the stall. In a 36 in by 36 in (915 mm by915 mm) shower stall, the seat shall be on thewall opposite the controls. Where a fixed seat isprovided in a 30 in by 60 in minimum (760 mmby 1525 mm) shower stall, it shall be a foldingtype and shall be mounted on the wall adjacent tothe controls as shown in Fig. 57. The structuralstrength of seats and their attachments shallcomply with 4.26.3.4.21.4 Grab Bars. Grab bars complying with4.26 shall be provided as shown in Fig. 37.4.21.5 Controls. Faucets and other controlscomplying with 4.27.4 shall be located as shownin Fig. 37. In shower stalls 36 in by 36 in (915mm by 915 mm), all controls, faucets, and theshower unit shall be mounted on the side wallopposite the seat.4.21.6 Shower Unit. A shower spray unit with ahose at least 60 in (1525 mm) long that can beused both as a fixed shower head and as a handheld shower shall be provided.EXCEPTION: In unmonitored facilities wherevandalism is a consideration, a fixed shower headmounted at 48 in (1220 mm) above the showerfloor may be used in lieu of a hand-held showerhead.4.21.7 Curbs. If provided, curbs in shower stalls36 in by 36 in (915 mm by 915 mm) shall be nohigher than 1/2 in (13 mm). Shower stalls thatare 30 in by 60 in (760 mm by 1525 mm)minimum shall not have curbs.514.21.8 Shower Enclosures. If provided,enclosures for shower stalls shall not obstructcontrols or obstruct transfer from wheelchairsonto shower seats.4.22 Toilet Rooms.4.22.1 Minimum Number. Toilet facilitiesrequired to be accessible by 4.1 shall comply with4.22. Accessible toilet rooms shall be on anaccessible route.4.22.2 Doors. All doors to accessible toiletrooms shall comply with 4.13. Doors shall notswing into the clear floor space required for anyfixture.4.22.3* Clear Floor Space. The accessiblefixtures and controls required in 4.22.4, 4.22.5,4.22.6, and 4.22.7 shall be on an accessible route.An unobstructed turning space complying with4.2.3 shall be provided within an accessible toiletroom. The clear floor space at fixtures andcontrols, the accessible route, and the turningspace may overlap.4.22.4 Water Closets. If toilet stalls areprovided, then at least one shall be a standardtoilet stall complying with 4.17; where 6 or morestalls are provided, in addition to the stallcomplying with 4.17.3, at least one stall 36 in(915 mm) wide with an outward swinging, selfclosing door and parallel grab bars complyingwith Fig. 30(d) and 4.26 shall be provided. Waterclosets in such stalls shall comply with 4.16. Ifwater closets are not in stalls, then at least oneshall comply with 4.16.4.22.5 Urinals. If urinals are provided, then atleast one shall comply with 4.18.4.22.6 Lavatories and Mirrors. If lavatories andmirrors are provided, then at least one of eachshall comply with 4.19.4.22.7 Controls and Dispensers. If controls,dispensers, receptacles, or other equipment areprovided, then at least one of each shall be on anaccessible route and shall comply with 4.27.

4.22 Toilet Rooms.Fig. 33Clear Floor Space at BathtubsFig. 34Grab Bars at Bathtubs52

4.23 Bathrooms, Bathing Facilities, and Shower Rooms.Fig. 35Shower Size and Clearances4.23 Bathrooms, Bathing Facilities, andShower Rooms.4.23.1 Minimum Number. Bathrooms, bathingfacilities, or shower rooms required to beaccessible by 4.1 shall comply with 4.23 and shallbe on an accessible route.4.23.2 Doors. Doors to accessible bathroomsshall comply with 4.13. Doors shall not swinginto the floor space required for any fixture.4.23.3* Clear Floor Space. The accessiblefixtures and controls required in 4.23.4, 4.23.5,4.23.6, 4.23.7, 4.23.8, and 4.23.9 shall be on anaccessible route. An unobstructed turning spacecomplying with 4.2.3 shall be provided within anaccessible bathroom. The clear floor spaces atfixtures and controls, the accessible route, andthe turning space may overlap.53Fig. 36Shower Seat Design

4.23 Bathrooms, Bathing Facilities, and Shower Rooms.Fig. 37Grab Bars at Shower Stalls4.23.4 Water Closets. If toilet stalls areprovided, then at least one shall be a standardtoilet stall complying with 4.17; where 6 or morestalls are provided, in addition to the stallcomplying with 4.17.3, at least one stall 36 in(915 mm) wide with an outward swinging, selfclosing door and parallel grab bars complyingwith Fig. 30(d) and 4.26 shall be provided. Waterclosets in such stalls shall comply with 4.16. Ifwater closets are not in stalls, then at least oneshall comply with 4.16.4.23.5 Urinals. If urinals are provided, then atleast one shall comply with 4.18.4.23.6 Lavatories and Mirrors. If lavatories andmirrors are provided, then at least one of eachshall comply with 4.19.4.23.7 Controls and Dispensers. If controls,dispensers, receptacles, or other equipment areprovided, then at least one of each shall be on anaccessible route and shall comply with 4.27.4.23.8 Bathing and Shower Facilities. If tubs orshowers are provided, then at least one accessibletub that complies with 4.20 or at least oneaccessible shower that complies with 4.21 shall beprovided.4.23.9* Medicine Cabinets. If medicine cabinetsare provided, at least one shall be located with a54

4.24 Sinks.usable shelf no higher than 44 in (1120 mm)above the floor space. The floor space shallcomply with 4.2.4.4.24 Sinks.4.24.1 General. Sinks required to be accessibleby 4.1 shall comply with 4.24.4.24.2 Height. Sinks shall be mounted with thecounter or rim no higher than 34 in (865 mm)above the finish floor.4.24.3 Knee Clearance. Knee clearance that is atleast 27 in (685 mm) high, 30 in (760 mm) wide,and 19 in (485 mm) deep shall be providedunderneath sinks.EXCEPTION 1: Sinks used primarily by childrenages 6 through 12 shall be permitted to have aknee clearance 24 in (610 mm) high minimumprovided that the rim or counter surface is nohigher than 31 in (760 mm).EXCEPTION 2: Sinks used primarily by childrenages 5 and younger shall not be required toprovide knee clearance if clear floor space for aparallel approach complying with 4.2.4 isprovided4.24.4 Depth. Each sink shall be a maximum of6-1/2 in (165 mm) deep.4.24.5 Clear Floor Space. A clear floor space atleast 30 in by 48 in (760 mm by 1220 mm)complying with 4.2.4 shall be provided in front ofa sink to allow forward approach. The clear floorspace shall be on an accessible route and shallextend a maximum of 19 in (485 mm) underneaththe sink (see Fig. 32).4.24.6 Exposed Pipes and Surfaces. Hot waterand drain pipes exposed under sinks shall beinsulated or otherwise configured so as to protectagainst contact. There shall be no sharp orabrasive surfaces under sinks.4.24.7 Faucets. Faucets shall comply with4.27.4. Lever-operated, push-type, touch-type, orelectronically controlled mechanisms areacceptable designs.4.25 Storage.4.25.1 General. Fixed storage facilities such ascabinets, shelves, closets, and drawers requiredto be accessible by 4.1 shall comply with 4.25.Fig. 38Storage Shelves and Closets55