Developments and visions of enviromental friendly shipPatrik RautaheimoVice President, Design & Engineering

Developments and visions of enviromental friendly ship About us Environmental drivers LNG Biofuels Fuel Cells Wind and Solar Power

STX Business GroupA Korean conglomerate

ShipbuildingNorway – OSVsSpecialized VesselFinland – Cruise & FerriesLNGCIce BreakerChina – BulkersPCTCDrillshipFSOPipelayerFrance – Cruise & FerriesNaval VesselsRomania – BulkersOSVsFebruary 15, 2011Vietnam - OSVsSlide 4Korea – LNGCFPSOVLCCMega ContainerBrazil – OSVs

Corporate StructureSTXCorporationOffshore ARCFebruary 15, 2011Slide ins

Key characteristicsLeading cruise vessel builder - 20% market shareLeading cruise ferry builder - 40% market shareLeading icebreaker builder - 60% market shareStrong focus on research, development and innovation,Concept design to Customer’s needsDeveloping and supporting the vast sub-supplier networkFocus on the Customers’ needs throughout the whole lifecycle10 May 2011 Page 6

STX Finland orderbookNameDeliveryOwnerYardSpirit of Britain, Spirit of France(1367, 1368)III / 2011P&O FerriesRaumaPolar Supply andResearch Vessel (1369)II / 2012DEARaumaCruise Ferry (1376)II / 2013Viking LineTurkuIcebreaking Supply VesselsIII / 2013SovcomflotHelsinkiFisheries Reseach VesselII / 2012MFMR of theRepublic ofNamibiaRaumaMultipurpose Deck CargoCargo Vessel (1379)II / 2012Gaiamare LtdTurku

Passenger Ships Built or On Order in Finnish Yards (after 1960)Voyager of the Seas137 300 GT, 1999Europa28 400 GT, 1999Cruise ShipsFerriesAthena40 000 GT, 1989Cinderella46 400 GT, 1989Delfin Clipper6 070 GT, 1989Royal Viking Sun37 800 GT, 1988Seaward42 300 GT, 1988Kronprins Harald31 100 GT, 1987Olympia37 600 GT, 1986Birka Princess21 500 GT, 1986Turella10 600 GT, 1979Finnjet24 600 GT, 1977Kazakshtan16 600 GT, 1976Azerbaydzhan16 600 GT, 1975Gruziya16 600 GT, 1975Belorussiya16 600 GT, 1975Prinsessan Birgitta8750 GT, 1974Royal Viking Sea21 900 GT, 1973Boheme10 300 GT, 1968Botnia3440 GT, 1967Royal Viking Sky21 900 GT, 1973Finlandia8170 GT, 1967Bore I8500 GT, 1973Finnpartner7460 GT, 1966Sun Viking18 600 GT, 1972Prins Hamlet8690 GT, 1966Finnhansa7480 GT, 1966Ilmatar5100 GT, 1964Royal Viking Star21 800 GT, 1972Nordic Prince18 400 GT, 1971Nordia3630 GT, 1962Song of Norway18 400 GT, 1970Skandia3590 GT, 1961Floria4050 GT, 19701960 . . . 1970 . . .Wellamo33 800 GT, 1986Mariella37 800 GT, 1985Svea33 800 GT, 1985Sea Goddess II4260 GT, 1985Royal Princess44 350 GT, 1985Sea Goddess I4250 GT, 1984Al-Mansur7360 GT, 1982Paradise70 400 GT, 1998Superfast IV30 000 GT, 1998Elation70 400 GT, 1998Superfast III30 000 GT, 1998Enchantment of the Seas74 000 GT, 1997Grandeur of the Seas74 000 GT, 1996Galaxy48 900 GT, 2006Freedom of the Seas154 000 GT, 2006Color Fantasy74 600 GT, 2004Birka Paradise34 700 GT, 2004Viktoria I41 000 GT, 2004Carnival Miracle85 700 GT, 2003Aida38 600 GT, 1996Inspiration70 400 GT, 1996Imagination70 400 GT, 1995Crystal Symphony50 000 GT, 1995Fascination70 400 GT, 1994Juan J. Sister22 000 GT, 1993Sensation70 400 GT, 1993Normandie27 000 GT, 1992Royal Majesty32 000 GT, 1992Song of America37 600 GT, 1982Radisson Diamond20 300 GT, 1992Travemünde9100 GT, 1981Barfleur20 000 GT, 1993Silvia Regina25 700 GT, 1981Silja Symphony58 400 GT, 1991Finlandia25 700 GT, 1981Liberty of the Seas154 000 GT, 2007Ecstasy70 400 GT, 1991Mariner of the Seas137 300 GT, 2003Costa Mediterranea85 700 GT, 2003Navigator of the Seas137 300 GT, 2002Hamnavoe8 800 GT, 2002Hrossey12 000 GT, 2002Hjaltland12 000 GT, 2002Carnival Legend85 700 GT, 2002Romantika40 800 GT, 2002Carnival Pride85 700 GT, 2001Seafrance Rodin33 800 GT, 2001Adventure of the Seas137 300 GT, 2001Carnival Spirit85 700 GT, 2001Ulysses51 000 GT, 2001Oasis of the Seas225 000 GT, 20091365 Tallink48 900 GT, 2009Armorique28 500 GT, 2008Baltic Princess48 900 GT, 20081354 Independence of the Seas154 000 GT, 2008Superspeed 233 500 GT, 2008Viking XPRS34 300 GT, 2008Superspeed 133 500 GT, 2008Viking Song14 300 GT, 1980Silja Serenade58 400 GT, 1990Viking Saga13 900 GT, 1980Kalypso40 100 GT, 1990Explorer of the Seas137 300 GT, 2000Cotentin22 000 GT, 2007Rosella10 800 GT, 1980Fantasy70 400 GT, 1990Costa Atlantica85 700 GT, 2000Star35 700 GT, 20071980 . . .1990 . . .2000 . . .Color Magic74 600 GT, 20071376 Viking CF56 850 GT, 20121368 P&O Ferry49 000 GT, 20111367 P&O Ferry49 000 GT, 2010Allure of the Seas225 000 GT, 20102010 . . .

Environmental drivers

Cruise Ships Emissions

Environmental driversThe International Maritime Organization (IMO), as the main regulatory body for shipping,has in recent years devoted significant time and effort to the issue of regulating shippingenergy efficiency in order to control marine greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions.The IMO has developed a number of technical measures that include: the Energy Efficiency Design Index (EEDI) limits allowable CO2 emissions per ton or passenger mileage the Energy Efficiency Operational Indicator (EEOI) the Ship Energy Efficiency Management Plan (SEEMP) IMO: revised MARPOL Annex VI Global sulphur limit of 3,5% from 1.1.2012 and 0,5% from 1.1.2020 Sulphur Emission Control Areas: from 1,5% 2006 to 0,1% 2015 NOx limits Tier III in emission control areas (1.1.2016) and outside Tier II (1.1.2011) Includes also regulations for ozone-depleting substances, volatile organic compounds,shipboard incineration, fuel oil availability and qualityEuropean Union (EU) 20 % cut to overall CO2 emissions from year 1990 levels to year 2020Applies to all CO2 producing activities (international traffic excluded in Kyoto Protocol )0,1% sulphur content limit for EU ports 1.1.2010Regional regulations Emission control areasPort dues depending on amount of emissions, etc.

Fuel Price

SOx - Fuel Oils (emission) Sulphur Content Limits for ALL SHIPS5GLOBAL limit4,519.5.20064or 2025 based onreview by 20181.1.2012Sulphur-%3,532,5ECAsCaliforniaEU: 11.8.07MGOMARPOL: 22.11.07 30.6.200921,5MARPOL: 19.5.2006EU: 2020GreekportsEU Ports and Inlad 0.1 %: 0162018202020222024

NOx Limits for NEW Marine Engines 130 kWEngine technologiesSCR, LNG, other fuels2018IMO Tier I1.1.2000. 300 rpm500 rpm1716IMO Tier II1.1.2011.14 1200 rpm14,4NOx [ g/kWh ]13,0outside ECAs1210,59,8107,78Tier I: 45 n-0,2Tier II: 44 n-0,23Tier III: 9 n-0,264in ECAsIMO Tier for tier 2201420162018202020222024

EEDI - Energy Efficiency Design Index for New Ships25EEDI Limit CurveEEDI Limit Curve -12.5%EEDI Limit Curve -25%20Voyager of the Seas50050 000100 000150 000Gross Tonnage10 May 2011 Page 15Oasis of the SeasElation10Freedom of the SeasFantasy15Costa AtlanticaEuropaCruise Ships: STX FinlandEEDI EEDI is currently underdevelopment by IMO MarineEnvironment Protection Committee Coverage in first phase: oil and gastankers, bulk carriers, generalcargo and container ships, ro-rocarriers and passenger ships EEDI value reprecents theproduction of CO2 in relation to the“benefit for the society” For the moment EEDI is voluntarydesign criteria Preliminary limiting curvespresented here are calculated fromthe data of 71 modern cruisevessels built 1999 – 2009.200 000250 000

Cruise Ship Energy FlowEnergiankuluttajatStem BoilersSteamHeating, Air ConditioningTrans. LossesWater HeatingSteamWaste HeatMachineriesLaundryAux. BoilersExhaustGasGalleysSwimming PoolsWastedExhaustGasWastedEnergyto AirFresh ectricGeneratorsLightingMainEnginesAir ConditioningWaste HeatWastedEnergyto SeaPropulsionCoolingWaterWasted HeatWaste HeatUtilized Heat

New Energy Efficient Cruise Ship ConceptsIndependence of the Seas (2008) is currently the most energy efficient ship in hersize category. With new and improved technology - of which some introduced inOasis class - significantly better energy efficiency level is feasible.By reducing the energy requirements together with improved waste heat recoveryand optimized total energy flow, 20% to 30% better energy efficiency is achievablecompared to Independency of the Seas and even over 40% if compared to otherlarge cruise ships.


LNGAnnual emissions of a Cruise Ferry1 400140 0001 200NOx120 000SOxCO2100 00080080 000-25 %60040060 00040 000-80 %20020 000-100 %00DieselLNGFuel AlternativeCO2 [ ton / year ]1 000NOx and SOx [ ton / year ]Natural gas has become a popular fueloption for shipowners trying to meetlegislative emissions requirements as wellas to gain benefit from emission basedroute and port fees.Pros and cons: emissions-- bunkering gas reserves- storage- methane slip- spillage- combustion process

LNG Machinery Principle


Aura 2 - Biofuel powered multipurpose deck cargo vesselDouble Acting Ship (DASTM) – concept Good stern first operation capability inbrushed ice conditions Dynamic position system (DP) Azimuthing thruster propulsion Ice class 1 A Length105,4 m Breadth18,8 m Draught3,5 – 4,9 mSafe transportation of special project cargos, likestructures for offshore windmillsOil Recovery readiness 2700 m³ oil recovery storage year around oil recovery capability high manouvrability in oil recovery operations high transportation capacity for mobile oilrecovery equipment

Aura 2Ship’s machinery and fuel systems are designed touse LBF (Liquid Bio Fuel) as an alternative to nonrenewable fuels Wärtsilä 6L20 Genset3 1200 kW Azimuthing rudder propellers2 1400 kW Bow thrusters2 450 kWMinimized environmental impact due to no sulphur oxide emissions reduction of CO2 emissions low particulate emissionsBiofuel production Sybimar, part of the owner company, is planningto produce the biofuel in their own facilty Biofuel is produced from eg. fish industries sidestreams

Fuel Cells

Fuel cellsGeneral Very low level of harmful emissions High fuel efficiency Low noise and vibration levels- Unmature technology- Not suitable for primary power source due tothe small unit size, kWs instead of MWsConcept idea: Fuel cells use biogas as fuel Biogas is produced by the biologicaldegradation of ships food waste Continuous digestion process Achievable electric energy productioncapacity in a cruise ship approximately20-50 kW

Wind and Solar Power

Wind and Solar Power SailsSolar Power Flettner rotors Kite (Sky Sail)

Thank you!