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FINAL PROGRAMOrganized and sponsored by:

Table of ContentsConference at a Glance . ivWelcome from the General Chair . vWelcome from the Program Co-Chairs . viMessage from the FIE Steering Committee. viiFIE 2015 Planning Committee . viiiFIE 2015 Steering Committee . viiiFuture FIE Conferences . viiiSponsors . xFIE 2015 Exhibitors . xiiExhibitor Showcase Presentations. xiiSpecial National Science Foundation Presentation . xiiMeetings at FIE . xiiiWorkshops . xiiiPlenary Session . xviiNew Faculty Fellow Program . xviiiConference Amenities . xixAward Selection Committee Chairs . xxASEE ECE Division Hewlett-Packard Frederick Emmons Terman Award . xxiIEEE Education Society Hewlett-Packard Harriett B. Rigas Award . xxiiiBenjamin J. Dasher Best Paper Award . xxviFrontiers in Education Conference Helen PlantsAward Best Nontraditional Session at FIE 2014 . xxviiFrontiers in Education Conference Ronald J. Schmitz Award . xxxIEEE Education Society William E. Sayle II Awardfor Achievement in Education . xxxiiIEEE Transactions on Education Best Paper Award . xxxivDistinguished Chapter Leadership Award . xxxvIEEE Education Society Edwin C. Jones, Jr. Meritorious Service Award . xxxviIEEE Education Society Mac Van Valkenburg Early Career Teaching Award . xxxviiiIEEE Education Society Distinguished Member Award . xxxixStudent Leadership Award . xlIEEE Fellow Awards . xliReviewers . xlivSession Chairs. lix

Session Grid – Wednesday, October 21st . lxivSession Grid – Thursday, October 22nd . lxvSession Grid – Friday, October 23rd . lxviSession Grid – Saturday, October 24th. lxviiTechnical Sessions Table of Contents . lxviii

Conference at a GlanceWednesday, October 2111:00 AM - 8:00 PM1:00 PM - 4:00 PM5:00 PM - 9:00 PMRegistration OpenWorkshop Session 1Workshop Session 2Thursday, October 228:00 AM - 6:00 PM8:00 AM - 9:00 AM9:00 AM - 10:30 AM10:30 AM - 6:00 PM10:30 AM - 11:00 AM11:00 AM - 12:30 PM12:45 PM - 2:15 PM2:30 PM - 4:00 PM4:00 PM - 4:30 PM4:30 PM - 6:00 PM7:00 PM - 10:00 PMRegistration OpenFocus on New Attendees Breakfast (included in conference registration)Plenary SessionExhibit Hall OpenExhibit Hall BreakTechnical Sessions (T1)HP Terman and Rigas Awards Lunch (included in conference registration)Technical Sessions (T2)Exhibit Hall BreakTechnical Session (T3)Reception (included in conference registration)Friday, October 238:00 AM - 6:00 PM8:00 AM - 9:00 AM9:00 AM - 10:30 AM10:00 AM - 5:30 PM10:30 AM - 11:00 AM11:00 AM - 12:30 PM12:45 PM - 2:15 PM2:30 PM - 4:00 PM4:00 PM - 5:00 PM5:00 PM - 6:30 PM7:30 PM - 10:00 PMRegistration OpenBreakfast (included in conference registration)Technical Sessions (F1)Exhibit Hall OpenExhibit Hall BreakTechnical Sessions (F2)Lunch (included in conference registration)Technical Sessions (F3)Focus on Exhibits and New Faculty FellowsTechnical Sessions (F4)Reception and Awards Banquet (additional ticket required)Saturday, October 248:00 AM - 5:00 PM8:00 AM - 9:00 AM9:00 AM - 10:30 AM10:30 AM - 11:00 AM11:00 AM - 12:30 PM12:45 PM - 2:15 PM2:30 PM - 4:00 PM4:00 PM - 4:30 PM4:30 PM - 6:00 PMRegistration OpenBreakfast (included in conference registration)Technical Sessions (S1)BreakTechnical Sessions (S2)Lunch (included in conference registration)Technical Sessions (S3)BreakTechnical Sessions (S4)

Welcome from the General Chair2015 is the year of the 45th Annual Frontiers in Education (FIE) Conference. It is good to see that we have been doingthis conference for 45 years already and I am personally grateful to be a part of it. As always I am privileged to have thehelp of the sponsoring entities: the IEEE Education Society, the IEEE Computer Society, and the ASEE EducationalResearch and Methods Division, through the FIE Steering Committee. Beyond that, I am blessed to have the input frommy home institution New Mexico State University and our neighbor, the University of Texas at El Paso.During your visit here, you can enjoy the warm autumn weather of the Southwest United States as well as the newlyrenovated downtown area of El Paso Texas.Our theme this year is “Launching a New Vision in Engineering Education”. This fits well with the latest addition to thesouthern New Mexico businesses, the brand new Spaceport America, as well as other space related facilities such as theNational Radio Astronomy Observatory Very Large Array Telescope and the Apache Peak Observatory, home of theSloan Digital Sky Survey. It would be my honor to schedule tours of any of these facilities and you can contact medirectly to do so. However, you need to be ready for long travel times since the closest of these is two hours from theconference center.Once again this year we have more than 500 speakers and many pre-conference workshops. These continue a longtradition of some of the best educational innovations and research in engineering and computing. We are thankful tothese speakers and to the co-chairs of the Program Committee who have selected and organized the papers submitted:Senay Purzer, ASEE Program Co-Chair; Mani Mina, IEEE Education Society Program Co-Chair; Ari Korhonen, IEEEComputer Society Program Co-Chair; Holly Matusovich, Special Session & Workshop Chair; and James Huff, NewFaculty Fellows Chair. I also thank the FIE Steering Committee who guided me through the preparation with muchneeded professional advice and encouragement.Finally, I cannot be grateful enough for the logistic support of Assistant to the General Chairs, Kevin Curry, and toConference Catalysts, for their work on the computer applications and the web site.Special thanks to our sponsors - New Mexico State University and the University of Texas at El Paso; as well as ourother sponsors: Hewlett Packard, VentureWell, and the Markkula Center for Applied Ethics.I hope you enjoy your stay in the home of cowboys, Native Americans, and Mexican culture, and I look forward tomeeting each and every one of you.Conference General ChairMichael DeAntonio, NMSU, Las Cruces, New Mexico

Welcome from the Program Co-ChairsDear Colleagues,It gives us great pleasure to welcome you to El Paso, Texas, and the 2015 Frontiers in Education Conference.As conference programme co-chairs we have had the stimulating challenge of managing the reviewing, selection, andscheduling of submissions for what promises to be a truly outstanding conference. This year we received over 700submissions, from which we have selected approximately 400 for presentation in different formats. The result is aresearch and innovation packed programme that commences with a day of pre-conference workshops on Wednesday,followed by three full days of presentations, special sessions, panels, and last, but not least, many opportunities overbreakfast, lunch and dinner events to meet new friends, renew old acquaintanceships and engage in inspiring debate anddiscussion.We have spent a most exciting six months preparing the technical programme. We hope that you enjoy the fruits of ourlabour, and find the conference as stimulating and interesting to attend, as we have found the process of putting it alltogether.Welcome to FIE 2015 in El Paso!Senay PurzerASEE ERMMani MinaIEEE Education SocietyAri KorhonenIEEE Computer Society

Message from the FIE Steering Committee ChairWelcome! And ¡Bienvenidos a El Paso!The organizers of the 45th annual Frontiers in Education conference are pleased to offer you this opportunity to networkand engage in engineering education research that is on the frontier. The FIE Steering Committee welcomes you to ElPaso, TX after our successful time in Madrid last year.If you are like me, you come to FIE to see old friends and find new ideas. I hope you come away from this conferencewith a renewed sense of commitment to the improvement engineering education and that you have expanded yournetwork of colleagues. For those of you that are “regulars”, I hope you will share your sense of community with thosethat are new to FIE.The Steering Committee continues to iterate on ways to improve the conference. This year will be our second timegoing with a paperless conference. We believe using our resources this way is responsible and keeps us on the frontier.We are also investigating ways to improve the experience of both authors and reviewers in our peer review processwithin EDAS. Lastly, we are improving the documentation of our processes, so that new FIE volunteers will have abetter understanding of their roles. Please continue to provide feedback so we can iterate more effectively.Below is the list of all current members on the FIE Steering Committee. You can find us at the conference as we will bewearing Steering Committee ribbons on our conference badges. We represent you and your needs for this conference.Please let us know how to improve FIE.ASEE Educational Research and Methods Division Representatives Beth Eschenbach (Chair), Humboldt State University, [email protected] Archie Holmes, University of Virginia, [email protected] James Morgan, Charles Stuart University, [email protected] Computer Society Representatives Stephen Frezza, Gannon University, [email protected] Arnold Pears, Uppsala University, [email protected] Deborrah Trytten, University of Oklahoma, [email protected] Education Society Representatives Russ Meier, Milwaukee School of Engineering, [email protected] James Sluss, University of Oklahoma, [email protected]edu Edmundo Tovar, Universidad Politécnica de Madrid, [email protected] year’s conference will be in Erie, Pennsylvania. We will try a new idea where we will have a co-located Saturdayconference for K-12 STEM educators. Please invite your K-12 colleagues!I hope you have a great conference!Beth Eschenbach, PhD.Chair of the Frontiers In Education Steering CommitteeDepartment Chair & ProfessorEnvironmental Resources EngineeringHumboldt State UniversityArcata, CA USA

FIE 2015 Planning CommitteeGeneral Co-ChairsMike DeAntonioNew Mexico State UniversityVirgilio GonzalezUniversity of Texas, El PasoAssistant to the General ChairsKevin CurryUniversity of [email protected]/ERM Program Co-ChairSenay PurzerPurdue UniversityIEEE/Computer Society Program Co-ChairAri KorhonenAalto UniversityIEEE/Education Society Program Co-ChairMani MinaIowa State UniversitySpecial Sessions and Workshop ChairHolly MatusovichVirginia TechExhibits ChairRobert J. HofingerPurdue UniversityInternational Co-Chair, AustralasiaMark LeeCharles Sturt UniversityInternational Co-Chair, EuropeEdmundo TovarUniversidad Politecnica de MadridInternational Co-Chair, South AmericaMelany M. CiampiVP COPEC- Science and Education Research [email protected] HistorianEd JonesIowa State [email protected] ChairEd JonesIowa State [email protected] Steering CommitteeASEE Educational Research and Methods DivisionRepresentatives Beth Eschenbach (Chair)Humboldt State University James MorganCharles Stuart University Archie HolmesUniversity of VirginiaIEEE Computer Society Stephen FrezzaGannon University Arnold PearsUppsala University Deborah TryttenUniversity of OklahomaviiiIEEE Education Society Russ MeierMilwaukee School of Engineering James SlussUniversity of Oklahoma Edmundo TovarUniversidad Politecnica de MadridFuture FIE ConferencesFIE 2016 Erie, PennsylvaniaFIE 2017 Indianapolis, IndianaAre you interested in hosting a future FIE conference?Leave your business card at the registration desk, and anFIE steering committee member will contact you.

SponsorsSociety SponsorsThe 45th Annual Frontiers in Education Conference is sponsored by the IEEE Education Society, the IEEE ComputerSociety, and the ASEE Educational Research and Methods Division.Academic Host InstitutionsA comprehensive land-grant institution of higher learning, New Mexico State University isdedicated to teaching, research, and service at the undergraduate and graduate levels. NMSU isa NASA Space Grant College, a Hispanic-serving institution and is home to the very first HonorsCollege in New Mexico. U.S. News and World Report ranks NMSU in the top tier among BestNational Universities.The University of Texas at El Paso (UTEP) was founded in 1914 as the State School of Mines andMetallurgy. Today, UTEP is comprised of seven colleges and offers 71 bachelor’s programs, 76master’s programs, 20 doctoral programs and 25 certificate programs. With a studentpopulation that exceeds 23,000 and a research portfolio that boasts more than 83 million inspending, UTEP is on track to become the first national public research university to truly serve the 21st-centurystudent demographic.Diamond SponsorHewlett-Packard sponsors the ASEE Frederick Emmons Terman Award and the IEEE Harriet B. RigasAward as well as the luncheon where the awards will be presented.October 21-24, 2015 El Paso, Texas2015 IEEE Frontiers in Education Conferencex978-1-4799-8454-1/15/ 31.00 2015 IEEE

Sponsors (Continued)Silver SponsorVentureWell sponsors the plenary session the morning of Thursday, October 22, and acomplimentary workshop which will focus on stimulating science and technology invention, innovation andentrepreneurship on university and college campuses.Conference App SponsorMarkkula Center for Applied Ethics, producer of "An Introduction to Software Engineering Ethics"by Shannon Vallor, Associate Professor of Philosophy, Santa Clara University with special contributorArvind Narayanan, Assistant Professor of Computer Science, Princeton University. This ethicsmodule includes a reading, homework assignments, case studies, and classroom exercises, alldesigned to spark a conversation about ethical issues that students will face in their lives assoftware engineers.October 21-24, 2015 El Paso, Texas2015 IEEE Frontiers in Education Conferencexi978-1-4799-8454-1/15/ 31.00 2015 IEEE

FIE 2015 ExhibitorsExhibit Hall HoursThe exhibits will be open in the Mezzanine Level by the Bathroom from 9:30 AM to 5:00 PM Thursday and from 9:00AM to 4:30 PM ge Learninghttp://www.cengage.com/EMA Design ion.htmlJMP Statistical Discovery Software from SAShttp://www.jmp.com/en nal Science Foundationhttp://nsf.govPurdue University Engineering yshttp://www.stratasys.com/Virginia Tech Department of Engineering ooks.zyante.com/Exhibitor Showcase PresentationsAgain this year, FIE offers Exhibitor Showcases, which provide our exhibitors a longer block of time for demonstrationsor presentations. Additional information about the content of each showcase is in the conference app. Please join us forone of these informative sessions.Thursday, October 2211:00 AM - 12:30 PM2:30 PM - 6:00 PMCenage LearningARMJuarez BJuarez BFriday, October 239:00 AM - 10:30 AM11:00 AM - 12:30 PM2:30 PM - 4:00 PM5:00 PM - 6:30 PMSAS Institutes, Inc.IonIdea Inc.MathWorksZyBooksJuarez BJuarez BJuarez BJuarez BSpecial National Science Foundation PresentationOn Thursday, October 22, from 4:30 PM to 6:00 PM in the ballroom, the NSF will hold a special session to discussfunding opportunities to cover ENG/EEC and EHR/DUE programs. Additional information about this presentation is inthe conference app.October 21-24, 2015 El Paso, Texas2015 IEEE Frontiers in Education Conferencexii978-1-4799-8454-1/15/ 31.00 2015 IEEE

Meetings at FIEWednesday, October 215:00 PM -6:30 PMFIE Steering CommitteeBoardroom8:00 AM - 10:00 AMFIE Steering CommitteeBoardroom1:00 PM - 3:00 PMFIE 2015 Planning CommitteeBoardroomSaturday, October 24WorkshopsWorkshop 1AWednesday, October 21 1:00 PM - 4:00 PMIntegrating Service-Learning into Engineering and Computing EducationService learning is a rapidly growing pedagogy in higher education and within engineering, technology and computing.Service-learning provides a learning environment that is very well-matched with ABET. Students can learn strongtechnical skills while developing teamwork, communication and leaderships skills. The community and human contextof service-learning provides rich learning experiences for contemporary social, global and ethical issues. Servicelearning also provides the kind of curricular efficiency necessary to meet the attributes called for in the NationalAcademy's Engineer of 2020. Evidence suggests that service-learning also has the potential to increase participationamong underrepresented populations within engineering, technology and computing. This interactive workshop willp