VESA Display StandardsUpdatesJim ChoateVESA Compliance Program ManagerNovember 15, 2019

Agenda VESA Overview DisplayPort Overview Compliance Testing USB4 DisplayPort Considerations Summary2


About VESA Global industry alliance with more than290 member companiesMembership by Region10%37%53%North AmericaAsiaEurope Leading PC/computer, display,hardware, software, and componentmanufacturers worldwide Mission to develop, promote andsupport ecosystem of vendors andcertified interoperable products for theelectronics industry Develops Open standards, contributionis open to all companies at all stages ofdevelopment as well as promotion andmarketing4

VESA Standards Enable Many MarketSegments Gaming consoles andheadsetsMonitors, PCs andlaptopsAutomotiveDigital projectorsDigital signage / kiosksSmartphones and tablets5

As Well as Many Aspects of Display TechnologyDisplayInterfaces DisplayPort Embedded DisplayPortDisplayPort Alt Mode(Native DisplayPort overUSB-C, used with USB 3)DisplayPort Tunneling(USB4 and Thunderbolt)Vehicular DisplayPort(VDP) – In definition DisplayMetrology Standardized DisplayPerformance Measurement DisplayHDR Certification(High Dynamic Range)DisplayDataCompression Display Stream Compression(DSC) VESA Display Codec forMobile (VDC-M) DisplayIDDisplayCapabilityParameters Extended DisplayIdentification Data (EDID)Multi-Display Interface66

274Jul. 2019287Jun. 2019May. 2019276Apr. 2019278282Mar. 2019Feb. 2019281Jan. 2019281 282Dec. 2018Nov. 2018280Oct. 2018276Sep. 2018278Aug. 2018272Jul. 2018272275Jun. 2018300May. 2018272Apr. 2018271Mar. 2018272Feb. 2018268Jan. 2018280Dec. 2017Nov. 2017260Oct. 2017Sep. 2017260Aug, 2017MembersVESA Membership Continues toGrowMembership2912882752652582407

Historical Membership by Region10 Year Flip from US to Asia 910102014201660%40%20%20188

VESA Asia MembershipAsia Member Distribution of 150 Members32%38%9%21%JapanSouth KoreaChinaTaiwan9

VESA Local Asian Support Capability VESA has long had a dedicated Japan Task Group with charter to promote the development ofdesign tools and reference guides, PlugTests, educational seminars, and other activities for thebenefit of VESA member companies, particularly those in Japan. NEW: VESA has added to its local support to Asia to address growing regional membership needs China (Mainland) and Taiwan are the fastest growing areas for VESA’s membership. Kellen is VESA’s Representative for all Chinese speaking areas of Asia This partnership will provide members with a communication option in their native language. Kellenwill handle membership related activities including, new membership requests, renewals, PlugTestand event support and translation of VESA member messaging, etc.10

Strong Support from Local MembersMore than 40 member companies from Japan including And many others!11

DisplayPort Overview12

DisplayPort Market Penetration DisplayPort adoption grew significantly in 2019DisplayPort and DisplayPort Alternate Mode over USB-C The common monitor interface for personal computers Commonly supported on the USB-C interfaces supporting USB 3 Mandated for USB4 and ThunderboltEmbedded DisplayPort (eDP) 95% penetration in notebook PCs, used in many high-end tablets and nowautomotive13


DisplayPort 2.0 Summary DisplayPort v2.0 was released in June 2019 Major features added: Increase in data bandwidth performance (almost 3X)DSC support mandatedMST (Multi-Stream Transport) is now standard protocolExpanded Tunneling capabilityPanel Replay, similar to PSR (Panel Self Refresh) used for eDP15

DisplayPort 2.0 enables up to 3Xincrease in video bandwidthperformance First standard to support 8K resolution(7680 x 4320) at 60 Hz refresh rate withfull-color 4:4:4 resolution, including with30 bits per pixel (bpp) for HDR-10support Beyond 8K resolutions achieved withmaximum link rate to up to20 Gbps/lane and more efficient 128b/132b channel coding16

New DisplayPort Link RatesParameterDP 1.4aDP 2.0NotesPublished April2018Published June2019Supported LinkRates(Gbps, each lane)1.622. coding8b10b coding8b10b coding8b10b coding128b132b coding128b132b coding128b132b codingMax payload rate(4 lanes)25.92 Gbps77.36 GbpsSpeed increase x2.98DisplayPort 2.0 is backward compatible with DP 1.4a and all earlier versions.17

DisplayPort 2.0 Resolution Capability(Single Display Examples)Port ConfigurationDisplayPort 1.4aDisplayPort 2.04 Lanes, max link rate5K (5120x2800)@60fps 24bpp10K (10240x4320)@60fps24bpp2 Lanes, max link rate4K (3840x2160)@60fps 24bpp8K (7680x4320)@30fps 30bpp8K (7680x4320)@60fps 30bpp16K (15360x8460)@60fps30bppNo CompressionWith Compression (DSC)4 Lanes, max link rateNotes:2 Lanes,max link rate5K (5120x2800)@60fps 24bpp Key: 10K (10240x4320)@72fps30bpp 2 Lane configuration is common for USB-C DP Alt Mode All above modes assume full 4:4:4 color encoding 30bpp is required for DisplayHDR operation DSC Display Stream Compression fps frames per second bpp bits per pixel18

DP 2.0 Mandates Support for Display SignalCompression (DSC) VESA released DSC 1.2a in January 2017. DSC is now the industry standard data compression across the displayinterface. DSC was purposely designed to offer low latency, low complexity codec forvisually lossless image compression to increase the amount of data carriedby a display interface data rate, saving power.Key features include Native 4:2:0 and 4:2:2 coding, Up to 16 bits per color, High Dynamic Range(HDR) DSC is mandated in DP 2.0 specification and is a powerful feature to allowdesigners to optimize BW, performance and power for Native DP, DP Alt19September27 – 28,Mode products andtunneled DPover USB4.

Optimization for Shared Interface Use Numerous specification enhancements to simplify the use ofDisplayPort as an ingredient in the following interface examples: The USB-C connector, using the DisplayPort Alt Mode (DP Alt Mode)VESA Mobility DisplayPort Standard (MyDP)VESA Embedded DisplayPort Standard (eDP)ThunderBolt 3.0Wireless interfacesSeptember 27 – 28,20

Compliance Testing21

VESA PlugTest Events Provide significant value to member companies, particularly as newcapabilities and products are deployed. Demonstrate and improve Traditional Interoperability Test Native DP and DP Alt Mode over USB Type-CTM products HBR3, DSC, FEC, DisplayHDR and other new capabilities Verify Test Equipment Correlation VESA hosted two successful PlugTests in 2019 (Taiwan and US) VESA plans to host at least two PlugTests in 2020 Taipei, Taiwan: Q1 2020 (Tentative)Burlingame, CA: Q3 2020 (Tentative)22

DP 8K Cable Specification and Certification Developed as part of DP 1.4a specification update DP8K Certified cables provide added assurance of smooth operation and fullcompliance at the higher link rates Dozens of DP 8K cables have been certified since launch of program23

DSC Compliance Testing VESA released DP 1.4a DSC CTS v1.0 in July 2019 Compliance testing of DSC began in October 2019 for sourcesand sinks that support this feature Updates and increased test coverage are included in DP 1.4aDSC CTS v1.1 that will release this month.24September 27 – 28,

VESA CertifiedDisplayHDR25

DisplayHDR Summary Industry’s first open HDR specification for LCD and emissive (OLED/microLED) displays with a fully transparent testing methodology More than 125 display models certified under logo program to date More details available at https://displayhdr.org26

DisplayHDR Certified Products Certified DisplayHDR performance tiers DisplayHDR 400DisplayHDR 500DisplayHDR 600DisplayHDR 1000DisplayHDR 1400DisplayHDR True Black 400DisplayHDR True Black 500 DisplayHDR CTS and test tool are available to all companies Test tool app available on Microsoft store for public download27

VESA TechnologyDevelopment Areas28

Update on Embedded DisplayPort Current version is 1.4b (published Oct 2019) Version 1.5 to be published by early 2020 Version 1.5 Will add capabilities from DisplayPort 2.0Further refinements in Panel Self RefreshOther refinements29

Vehicular DisplayPort (VDP) Adapt DisplayPort interface for Automotive Display applications Incorporate features that are unique to DP and eDP to enhance automotive display systemflexibility Add new capabilities based on automotive specific-requirements including: Includes allowing either end-to-end transport, or longer transport through SERDESSafetySecurityInterconnect optimizationLong-reach SERDES transport compatibilityMaintain compatibility with DP and eDP as much as possible Allow VDP-enabled SoCs and displays to serve multiple markets30

VESA technology development VESA members are collaborating on several key technology areas AR/VR Task Group Focused on creating solutions roadmap to meet performance, power andimplementation requirements for future AR/VR needsVehicular Task Group Working with automotive industry to address needs for high-resolutionperformance in this market segmentWorking on VDP specification31

USB4 DisplayPortConsiderations32

USB4 Overview USB4TM released in August 2019USB PD 3.0 and USB Type-CTM 2.0 released in August with USB4 supportadded DP Alt Mode (multi function) required for USB4 products33

USB4 Overview Runs over USB Type-C interconnectTunnels USB3, PCIe and DP protocolsSignaling rates of 10 or 20 Gbps (10 to 40Gbps aggregated b/w)Helps converge USB Type-C connector ecosystem to minimize enduser confusion34

USB4 DisplayPort Considerations The USB4 product types of interest for DisplayPort are USB4Host, USB4 Hub and USB4 Device USB4 Hosts and Hubs must support DP Protocol Tunneling, withsupport optional for USB4 Devices USB4 Host and Hubs must support DP Alt Mode on downstreamUSB Devicefacing portsUSB4USB4 Interfacewith tunneledUSB, DP and PCIe dataUSB rDisplayPortSinkPCIe DeviceUSB4RouterUSB4USB DevicePCIeControllerUSB4RouterDisplayPortSinkPCIe Device35

USB4 Host - DisplayPort Requirements USB4 Host DisplayPort requirements are fairly straight forward USB4 Host Must Support: USB4 Fabric Configuration: Minimum of 2 lanes at 10 Gbps (Gen 2 x 2) USB 3.2 Data Transport, USB 2.0 Native DisplayPort DisplayPort tunneling through USB4 DisplayPort Alt Mode on all of it’s DFPsUSB-C Connector(s)USB2USB4- with fallback to USB3- Support for DP Alt Mode36

USB4 Hub – DisplayPort Requirements A USB4 hub is required to support DisplayPort Alt Mode on all of its DFPs. To connect to DisplayPort Sink, a USB4 hub contains a DP OUT Adapter thatreceives Tunneled DisplayPort traffic from a USB4 Port and sends it to aDisplayPort Sink via DP OUT Protocol AdapterUSB-C ConnectorUSB2USB4USB-C Connector(s)USB2USB4- with fallback to USB3- Support for DP Alt Mode37

USB4 Device – w/DisplayPort Supported A USB4 peripheral device must support 20G USB4 operation (Gen2x2)and optionally 40G USB4 operation (Gen3x2) Testing the DP Sink Link Layer will offer new challenges for compliancetestingUSB-C ConnectorUSB2USB4These functions are optional and depend on device features38


Summary Product shipments and certifications on DP 1.4 based products continue togrow DP 2.0 product development and certifications expected in 2020 DisplayPort over USB-C is a game changer for small form factor andportable products and is rapidly becoming the defacto standard for laptops,tablets and handheld devices Momentum continues to grow for DisplayHDR product certification Development and adoption of new technologies continues to drive increasesin VESA membership growth USB4 mandated DP Alt Mode support and PHY convergence will continue to40accelerate adoption of DisplayPort technology

THANK YOUDisplayPort.orgDisplayHDR.orgVESA.org41


Questions?Demo Station Overview43

THANK YOUdisplayport.orgvesa.org44