Transcription

2 2021 KEN MILLERBAND of BROTHERS

3BAND OF BROTHERSSUMMER 2021May 10, 2021Dear brother in Christ,I’m going to assume you’re somewhat familiar with the story of Jonahand the whale. So, you may be wondering why I’ve chosen to do awhole summer series on a children’s Sunday School story.But there’s far more going on in the book of Jonah than the tale of arunaway prophet being swallowed by a supersized fish. The author hasmanaged to cram this relatively short book with a wide range oftheological and historical insights that will require every one of theseven weeks we’ve set apart to study it. And while the book of Jonah isfilled with fanciful descriptions of seemingly fictional encounters, it isnot a fairy tale. It is a divinely inspired part of God’s Word – His writtenrevelation of Himself. And as we work our way through the pages of thisstory, we will get a greater glimpse of God and His redemptive plan formankind. Like a tiny piece of colored glass in a majestic stained-glasswindow, the book of Jonah joins with the other 65 books of the Bible to form a breathtaking image ofGod’s matchless character. We will glimpse His glory, greatness, sovereignty, power, grace, mercy, andsteadfast love.Included in these pages are your weekly homework, as well a copy of Devotionary , a daily devotionalthat I just completed on the book of Jonah. It will be part of your weekly reading.I’m excited you’ve chosen to join us on this exciting journey through the book of Jonah. It’s going to be agreat series and I look forward to sharing it with you.In Him,Ken MillerMinister to Men / Christ Chapel Bible Church 2021 KEN MILLERBAND of BROTHERS

4 2021 KEN MILLERBAND of BROTHERS

5SERIES’SCHEDULEBAND OFBROTHERSSUMMER 2021SUMMER SCHEDULEWEEK 1 – Once Upon a Time .Jonah 1:1-2WEEK 2 – At Odds with God .Jonah 1:3-7WEEK 3 – A Dim Bulb .Jonah 1:8-17WEEK 4 – Salvation Belongs to the Lord .Jonah 2:1-10WEEK 5 – A Grave Misunderstanding .Jonah 3:1-5WEEK 6 – The Ninevites vs the Israelites .Jonah 3:6-10WEEK 7 – Misplaced Priorities.Jonah 4:1-11 2021 KEN MILLERBAND of BROTHERS

6CONTENTWEEK 1 Homework . Page 7WEEK 2 Homework . Page 9WEEK 3 Homework . Page 11WEEK 4 Homework . Page 13WEEK 5 Homework . Page 15WEEK 6 Homework . Page 17WEEK 7 Homework . Page 19DEVOTIONARY on the book of Jonah . Page 21 2021 KEN MILLERBAND of BROTHERS

7HOMEWORK FOR WEEK 1 – Once Upon a Time BAND of BROTHERS 2021Take a few minutes to read the book of Jonah.- What would you say is the main theme or lesson in the book?-How would you characterize Jonah?-What does the book reveal about God? Read pages 25-29 in Ken’s Devotionary on Jonah.- Write down how reading “Once Upon a Time” might have changed your perspective onthe book of Jonah. Go back and re-read Jonah 1:1-2, then to gain a better understand who Jonah was, read 2Kings 14:23-27.- What was Jonah’s job description?-To better understand the job of an Old Testament prophet, read the following quotefrom the Lexham Theological Wordbook:In the OT, a prophet is a person, either male or female, who functions as God’sspokesperson and is commissioned by him to deliver his word, either to individuals or togroups. The prophet receives the word of God through various means, including dreams, 2021 KEN MILLERBAND of BROTHERS

8visions, and theophanies. In the NT, a prophet is one whom God has equipped, alongsideapostles, pastors, and teachers, to lead the church through the edification andencouragement of believers.1-According to Jonah 1:1-2, what did God tell Jonah to do?-Now, to better understand the nature of God’s command, read the following summariesof the city of Nineveh:Nineveh (Nineve), Ninevite. One of the capitals of the Assyrian empire and at the heightof that empire one of the great cities of the world. Nineveh was situated in what is nownorthern Iraq and is represented today by the mounds of Kouyunjik and Nebi Yunus tothe east of the Tigris River and opposite the main part of the city of Mosul.2Nineveh was the capital of the Assyrian Empire during a period of Assyrian dominancethroughout the ancient Near East (ca. 703–612 BC). For this reason, it figuresprominently in biblical literature. From the ninth century until Assyria’s fall to theBabylonians in 612 BC, Nineveh was an important Assyrian city.The Bible frames Nineveh as a thoroughly evil city and an enemy of Israel. The bookof Jonah describes Nineveh, its inhabitants, and its king as so evil that Yahweh threatensto completely destroy them if they do not repent. The Israelite prophet, Jonah, despisesNineveh and is disappointed when the people repent and Yahweh spares them. Thebook of Nahum describes Nineveh’s destruction at the hands of the Babylonians ingraphic detail. It also describes Nineveh as a city of bloodshed.3-Consider the following quote from an Assyrian king, then share how you would respondif God sent you to deliver a message condemning his wickedness.“I flayed as many nobles as had rebelled against me [and] draped their skins over thepile [of corpses]; some I spread out within the pile, some I erected on stakes upon thepile I flayed many right through my land [and] draped their skins over the walls.”41Fenlason, A. C. (2014). Prophets. D. Mangum, D. R. Brown, R. Klippenstein, & R. Hurst (Eds.), Lexham TheologicalWordbook. Bellingham, WA: Lexham Press.2Elwell, W. A., & Beitzel, B. J. (1988). Nineveh (Nineve), Ninevite. In Baker encyclopedia of the Bible (Vol. 2, pp.1553–1554). Grand Rapids, MI: Baker Book House.3Sieges, A. (2016). Nineveh. In J. D. Barry, D. Bomar, D. R. Brown, R. Klippenstein, D. Mangum, C. Sinclair Wolcott, W. Widder (Eds.), The Lexham Bible Dictionary. Bellingham, WA: Lexham Press.4Albert Kirk Grayson, Assyrian Royal Inscriptions, Part 2: From Tiglath-pileser I to Ashur-nasir-apli II (Wiesbaden,Germ.: Otto Harrassowitz, 1976), p. 124. 2021 KEN MILLERBAND of BROTHERS

9HOMEWORK FOR WEEK 2 – At Odds with God Read Jonah 1:3-7.- Based on your readings yesterday, what do you think was Jonah’s motivation forrunning from God?- Where do you see God at work in this passage?Read pages 31-35 in Ken’s Devotionary on the book of Jonah.- What is the significance of the author’s use of the two different names for Godthroughout his book?- BAND of BROTHERS 2021If Jonah is meant to be a representation of the people of Israel, what is so significantabout his decision to run away?Now, read pages 37-42 in Devotionary .- Three different times in the opening chapter, Jonah is described as attempting to fleefrom God’s presence. What does this reveal about Jonah’s view of God?-Why do you think it is so dangerous for God’s people to have a less-than-accurateunderstanding of who He is? 2021 KEN MILLERBAND of BROTHERS

10-Consider the following quote by A. W. Tozer, then write down your thoughts about it.“What comes into our minds when we think about God is the most important thingabout us. . Worship is pure or base as the worshiper entertains high or low thoughts ofGod.”5-Write down any ways in which Jonah showed low or high thoughts of God. Look closely at verse 6. In what ways does the captain of the ship, an idolater, show morerespect for and hope in divine intervention than Jonah does? Verse 7 describes the sailors deciding to cast lots. Read the following quotes concerning thispractice:A means of determining the will of God, prior to the giving of the Holy Spirit at Pentecost.The casting of lots was also used by pagans for the same purpose. Such use reflects thebelief that nothing occurred by chance.6One of the advantages of the casting of lots was the impartiality of the choice. It was heldthat the Lord directed the lots (Prv 16:33). 7-According to the passage, what were the sailors hoping to discover?-What is the significance that “the lot fell on Jonah” (Jonah 1:7 ESV)? What is your honest impression of Lot at this point in the story? What has the narrative revealed about God so far?5Tozer, A. W. (1961). The knowledge of the holy: The attributes of God: their meaning in the Christian life.Harrisburg, Pa: Christian Publications.6Manser, M. H. (2009). Dictionary of Bible Themes: The Accessible and Comprehensive Tool for Topical Studies.London: Martin Manser.7Elwell, W. A., & Beitzel, B. J. (1988). Lots, Casting Of. In Baker encyclopedia of the Bible (Vol. 2, p. 1356). GrandRapids, MI: Baker Book House. 2021 KEN MILLERBAND of BROTHERS

11HOMEWORK FOR WEEK 3 – A Dim BulbBAND of BROTHERS 2021 Read pages 42-48 of the Devotionary on the book of Jonah. Now, read Jonah 1:8-17.- What do you think was behind the questions of the sailors recorded in verse 8? Whatwas it they were trying to find out? -How does Jonah reply and what does this reveal about Jonah’s understanding of God?-Is there anything missing from Jonah’s response?How do the men react when they discover that Jonah is on the run from his God? Whatdoes their fear reveal about their understanding of the gods?John also quotes from Isaiah 6:8-10. Go back and read those verses and describe why youthink John chose to include them at this point in his gospel. In verse 11, the men ask Jonah for advice. What do they want to know and what does thistell us about their pagan theology? 2021 KEN MILLERBAND of BROTHERS

12 According to verse 12, what does Jonah tell them to do?-Read the following quotes to get an idea of what might have been going through Jonah’smind when he offered to be thrown overboard.The unnatural ferocity of the storm and the casting of the lot only confirmed what Jonahalready knew. So now he resigned himself to his “fate.” He did not exhibit repentancefor fleeing from the Lord but merely resigned himself to the only seeming solution.8It is interesting that Jonah did not offer to jump overboard on his own. Perhaps he wastoo frightened, or perhaps at this point he was merely asking for them to be theinstrument of God’s punishment.9 How do these insights into Jonah impact your view of him?After giving one last heroic attempt to row to shore, the sailors seem to understand thatthey must take Jonah’s advice and throw him overboard. But before they do, they pray. Andwhat is fascinating about their prayer is that they address it to Yahweh or Jehovah. This wasthe name the Hebrews called their God. Up to that point, the sailors had always used thegeneric word, Elohim, when referring to their gods or Jonah’s. What do you see assignificant about this?-Look at verse 14. What is the content of their prayer to Jonah’s God?-After throwing Jonah overboard, what do the sailors do?-Compare verse 16 with Jonah’s statement in verse 9. What seems to be different abouttheir “fear” of God and the “fear” that Jonah claimed to have?8Smith, B. K., & Page, F. S. (1995). Amos, Obadiah, Jonah (Vol. 19B, pp. 235–236). Nashville: Broadman & HolmanPublishers.9Smith, B. K., & Page, F. S. (1995). Amos, Obadiah, Jonah (Vol. 19B, p. 236). Nashville: Broadman & HolmanPublishers. 2021 KEN MILLERBAND of BROTHERS

13HOMEWORK FOR WEEK 4 – Salvation Belongs to the LordBAND of BROTHERS 2021 Read pages 49-53 in Ken’s Devotionary on the book of Jonah. Read Jonah 2:1-10.- It would appear that Jonah prayed this prayer from the belly of the fish. What does itreveal about his mental, emotional, and psychological state of mind? -What words does he use that convey hopelessness or despair?-What words does he use that seem to indicate he was hopeful of rescue?-In what ways can we find encouragement from the circumstances surrounding Jonah’sprayer and the location from which he prayed it?Read the following quote regarding Jonah’s prayerful plea from the “belly of the fish.”We do not know how long Jonah was in the fish before he prayed. No doubt he found hisentire experience in the sea overwhelming. That this prophet of few words finally prayedmarks a turning point in the book. Although exhorted to pray earlier by the pagan captain,there is no indication Jonah did so. That Jonah prayed not only to the Lord, as the sailorsdid, but to “the LORD his God” is significant.10-Why do you think the author indicates that Jonah’s prayer was significant?10Smith, B. K., & Page, F. S. (1995). Amos, Obadiah, Jonah (Vol. 19B, p. 242). Nashville: Broadman & HolmanPublishers. 2021 KEN MILLERBAND of BROTHERS

14-Jonah prayed as if his deliverance had already taken place. Consider this commentator’soutlook on the pre-deliverance certainty Jonah seems to convey. when Jonah had been swallowed by the fish, and found that he was preserved alive inthe fish’s belly, he regarded this as a pledge of his deliverance, for which he praised theLord.11 Draw a line from the psalm that best matches the verse from Jonah 2.Psalm 3:4Jonah 2:1Psalm 120:1Jonah 2:2Psalm 30:2Jonah 2:3Psalm 118:5Jonah 2:4Psalm 31:22Jonah 2:5Psalm 88:6-7Jonah 2:6Psalm 31:6Jonah 2:7Psalm 69:1Jonah 2:8Psalm 42:7Jonah 2:9Psalm 50:14Psalm 31:28Psalm 3:8-What does the following quote reflect about Jonah’s familiarity with the Word of God?Whatever the human emotion, there was a Psalm or an extract to give it voice, andthrough which God could be addressed.It explains why much of what Jonah said from inside the belly of the whale can befound in the Psalms. Words memorized from youth would find a ready expression as hepoured out his heart to the Lord.1211Lange, J. P., Schaff, P., Kleinert, P., & Elliott, C. (2008). A commentary on the Holy Scriptures: Jonah (p. 25).Bellingham, WA: Logos Bible Software.12Mackrell, P. (2007). Opening up Jonah (pp. 51–52). Leominster: Day One Publications. 2021 KEN MILLERBAND of BROTHERS

15HOMEWORK FOR WEEK 5 – A Grave MisunderstandingBAND of BROTHERS 2021 Read Jonah 3:1-5. Now, read pages 55-65 in Ken’s Devotionary on the book of Jonah. Take a few minutes and compare the two passages below.JONAH 1:1-3 ESVNow the word of the LORD came toJonah the son of Amittai, saying,“Arise, go to Nineveh, that great city,and call out against it, for their evilhas come up before me.” But Jonahrose to flee to Tarshish from thepresence of the LORD. He went downto Joppa and found a ship going toTarshish. So he paid the fare andwent down into it, to go with themto Tarshish, away from the presenceof the LORD.JONAH 3:1-4 ESVThen the word of the LORD came toJonah the second time, saying,“Arise, go to Nineveh, that greatcity, and call out against it themessage that I tell you.” So Jonaharose and went to Nineveh,according to the word of the LORD.Now Nineveh was an exceedinglygreat city, three days' journey inbreadth. Jonah began to go intothe city, going a day's journey.-What differences and similarities do you see?-What happened in-between these two scenes that changed Jonah’s mind? 2021 KEN MILLERBAND of BROTHERS

16 Read John 14:26-31. What are some of the benefits that will accompany the arrival of theHoly Spirit?According to verse 28, the disciples should have been glad that Jesus was going away. Why? What was the nature of the message that Jonah delivered to the people of Nineveh?-If you stopped reading at verse 4, what kind of reception do you think Jonah’s messagewould have received from the Ninevite?-But to our surprise and Jonah’s disappointment, something unexpected happened.What was it?The following quote will help shed some light on what Jonah was expecting to happen andwhat actually took place.“ there was ambiguity in the message, for the forty days might be “simply to assure thatthe divine judgment was not far off.” Also, the word for “destroy” (hāpak) carries a certainvagueness, since it can mean either “turn” or “overthrow” (see comments on Amos 5:7 inthis volume). It can signify “judgment, a turning upside down, a reversal, a change, adeposing of royalty, or a change of heart.” In other words, Jonah’s words could mean eitherthat in “forty more days Nineveh would be destroyed” or that “in forty more days Ninevehwould have a change of heart.13- What about this misunderstanding of meaning could have impacted Jonah’s ultimatereaction to the repentance of the Ninevites?What do you think is significant about the statement that “the people of Nineveh believedGod?” (Jonah 3:5 ESV)? What is it they believed?13Smith, B. K., & Page, F. S. (1995). Amos, Obadiah, Jonah (Vol. 19B, p. 259). Nashville: Broadman & HolmanPublishers. 2021 KEN MILLERBAND of BROTHERS

17HOMEWORK FOR WEEK 6 – The Ninevites vs the Israelites Read Jonah 3:6-10. Now, read pages 67-71 in Ken’s Devotionary on the book Jonah.BAND of BROTHERS 2021-According to verse 5 of chapter 3, how did the citizens of Nineveh react to Jonah’smessage of God’s pending judgment?-What do you find odd about their behavior?-What was the reaction of the king of Nineveh?-Now, turn to Amos 4:6-11. In these verses, the prophet lists a series of dramaticjudgments that God brought upon the people of Israel. But how did they respond?-In Amos 4:11, he uses the same Hebrew word for “overthrow” that was contained inJonah’s message to the Ninevites. Remember, it can mean “to turn back.” But Amosstates that the people of Israel “did not return to God.” In Hebrew, the word “return” isšûḇ, and it means “to turn back” or “to repent.” Despite God’s judgment, the people ofIsrael did not repent. Why is this important when considering the reaction of theNinevites? 2021 KEN MILLERBAND of BROTHERS

18 Take a look at the following quote from this week’s reading in Devotionary :Amos and Hosea describe God’s people as rebellious, idolatrous, immoral, unjust, andstubbornly unrepentant. In fact, God says of them, “The more they were called, the morethey went away” (Hosea 11:2 ESV). Amos reminds them how God had punished them withdrought, famine, disease, and destruction, yet they would not return to Him (Amos 4:6).- At just the mention of God’s judgment the pagan Ninevites responded in repentancemarked by fasting and mourning. Yet the Israelites refused to repent even afterundergoing repeated judgment by God. Why is this so significant?Look at verse 7-8. What do you find strange about the king’s decree?-Read the following quote for a better understanding of the involvement of animals inthe fasting/mourning process:That the beasts were included in the public humiliation is nothing unusual in the East.When Masistios fell at Platæa, the Persians, in honor of him, sheared the hair from theirhorses. (Herod. ix. 24. Comp. Brissonius, De Regni Persarum Principiis, II. c. 206). Horseshung with black were, in the time of Chrysostom, frequently seen at funeralprocessions, and they are frequently to be seen at the present day. The custom has itsfoundation in the lively feeling of the mutual adaptation of man and nature.14-What did the