What does it take to become a CPA?Presented by ThisWayToCPA

What is a CPA? Stands for Certified Public Accountant Trusted financial advisor who helps individuals,businesses, and other organizations plan and reach theirfinancial goals All CPAs are accountants, but not all accountants areCPAs1

To become a CPA 3 E’s are required for licensure:– Education– Exam or Uniform CPA Examination– Experience State Boards of Accountancy determine the laws and rulesfor each state/jurisdiction Visit for state requirements2

Education Requirements vary by state/jurisdiction Require 150 semester hours Number of accounting hours is dependent on staterequirements3

Uniform CPA Exam Computer-based format Consists of 4 sections– Auditing and Attestation (AUD)– Business Environment and Concepts (BEC)– Financial Accounting and Reporting (FAR)– Regulation (REG) Same test no matter where it is taken Passing score is 75 on a 0-99 scale Question types include multiple choice, simulation and written communication Eligibility to sit for exam depends on state requirements4

Experience A candidate is an applicant for a CPA license Many states require the candidate to have 1 – 2 yearsexperience under a CPA Additional requirements vary by the candidate’s: Education – e.g., Graduate degree vs. 150 hours of undergraduate Employer(s) – e.g., Public accounting firm vs. industry Type of work – e.g., Tax professional vs. auditor5

Licensure Licenses gives the right to practice public accounting Some state require ethics exam Must comply with rules of professional conduct CPA Exam & Licensure Center6

Maintaining the license Continuing Professional Education (CPE)– Typically 40 hours per year– Types (e.g., computer-based vs. group/classroom learning) ofCPE vary by jurisdiction– May need Ethics training and compliance– Subjects vary depending to type of license and area ofemployment Renewal every period7

AICPA Student Affiliate MembershipBecome an AICPA Student Affiliate member Benefits include:– Exclusive scholarship opportunities– Member-only competitions– Special discounts on conferences– Access to industry news and publications– Exclusive discounts and offers on products and services from partners– Deals and access to the latest industry information at a fraction of regularprices8

State Society membership State CPA Society vs. State Board of Accountancy– Society is a membership organization– Board sets policy How do State Societies and AICPA differ?– National vs. state/jurisdiction– Work closely together in many cases9

Let’s review Education– Bachelor’s degree– 150 semester hours Exam– Apply to sit based on state requirements– Pass all 4 parts with a score of 75 or higher Experience– 1-2 years in accounting– Under a CPA10

Let’s review (continued) License– Meet state/jurisdiction 3 E’s requirements– Other requirements (e.g., ethics exam) Continuing Professional Education– 40 hours of CPE per year– Renew license every 1, 2 or 3 years Beyond– Join state society, AICPA and volunteer– Specialize in one or more areas (e.g., CFF)11

Tips Understand your state/jurisdiction’s requirements Take it one step at a time!––––Focus on the education requirement firstBecome eligible to sit for the Uniform CPA ExaminationStudy for (and pass!) the CPA ExamGain the required experience12

What’s AICPA’s website for college students and CPA Examcandidates A virtual warehouse chock full of the information (andmotivation) you need to pursue a career in accounting Includes features like–––Find Your FitCPA ProfilesCPA Exam & Licensure Center13

Other resources AICPA website for CPA candidates–’s website for high school students– www.startheregoplaces.comNASBA website–www.nasba.org14